The United States of America holds nearly a quarter of the world’s prisoners, despite its relatively small population of under 300 million people. With over 2.3 million criminals behind bars, criminologists and legal scholars around the world are shocked by the duration of sentencing and the range of crimes that are punishable by jail time in the United States. These analysts point to “higher levels of violent crime, harsher sentencing laws, a legacy of racial turmoil, a special fervor in combating illegal drugs, the American temperament, and the lack of a social safety net” as reasons for the high percentage of the population imprisoned. The number of prisoners held in America grows every year, and the country has become the most frequent jailer by a large margin. Continue reading →
This week I want to look at the international drug and the United States’ involvement in it from the lens of the government. I want to discuss what exactly the US has done in the way of laws and legislation in a response to the drug trade. There is over a $30 billion dollar business in the US based on trafficking of international drugs. Now that Obama is in office for a second term, what are his plans in this regard?
While not the most controversial or dangerous drug, Marijuana has been in the news for years. Within a lot of circles there has been discussion of feel legalization of marijuana in the US. It is often argued, as it is here, that a legalization of marijuana would make the US have less high touch environments with Mexican cartels and would, in fact, slow down their business and operations. Here is a quick blurb from the linked article above:
“The possible legalization of marijuana at the state level in the US could provoke a considerable loss in proceeds of drug trafficking for Mexican criminal organizations,” the report concludes. In fact, it says, ballot initiatives Tuesday could represent the biggest blow to Mexican criminal syndicates in decades.
With Oregon, Colorado and Washington having initiatives to legalize marijuana, the trend could be coming where more and more states are going to try to legalize marijuana. How is this going to effect the international drug trade within the United States and what tangential laws will the US government put into play to make sure that the legalization does not become a problem? It has been determined by a Mexican think tank that these laws could lower marijuana trafficking and revenues within the US by 30% for cartels.
I want to take a look at the history of US drugs laws and how they have adapted to the change of different strategies by drug traffickers. Here are some major milestones in America’s history with drug policy. I look forward to diving into this history and any other future plans in order to see both the short and long term strategy.
For my white paper I have decided to investigate the prevalence of mexican cartels and the effects they have on different communities. Mexican drug cartels have been around for decades but have recently become more powerful because of the elimination of Columbia cartels in the 1990s. Mexican cartels are known mainly for their drug trafficking activity which controls 90% of the drug flow into the United States. However, these groups have many other destructive practices that cause terror for the mexican people, government, and economy. Cartels have emerged as formidable enemies against the mexican government. These groups influence politics and the economy of Mexico through the use of violence. The power of the cartels have grown over the past decade as well as the cartel related deaths. I plan to examine the effects these groups have on the mexican state and nearby countries like the United
States. Continue reading →
With many important issues this election including the budget deficit, unemployment rates, social security, and medicare, it is not surprising that a lot of other issues are being put on the back burner.
One issue of importance to me is the over-population of our incarceration system.