For my third proposal I decided to actually go to the library and check out some books (gasp!). It turns out that there are tons of sources on my white paper topic. Here are some pros that I have gathered from my sources that I will want to further look into for my paper:
- Marijuana has proven medical benefits for cancer, AIDS, glaucoma, etc.
- Marijuana is no more harmful to a person’s health than alcohol or tobacco, which are both legal and widely used, and regulated by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration.
- Crime and violence, both within the U.S. and at the U.S.-Mexico border, are greatly increased due to illegal selling and buying of marijuana. Legalization would logically end the need for such criminal behavior.
- Prohibition of marijuana is unwarranted government intrusion into individual freedom of choice.
Legalizing Marijuana- Drug Policy Reform and Prohibition Politics, by Rudolph J. Gerber, is one of the seven books I rented from the library. A section of this book particularly addresses marijuana for medicinal uses. This section discusses the Compassionate Investigational Drug Program, a program designed to provide medical marijuana for patients in need. Although these programs exist, patients still get charged for possession, something that would not happen if legalized. The book also has a quote from an employee of the DEA: “Marijuana, in natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man….One must reasonably conclude that there is safety for the use of marijuana under medical supervision. To conclude otherwise, on the record, would be unreasonable, arbitrary, and capricious.”
An issue that I have come across is making a distinction between what will be the affect of either business, government, or society. I’ve come to the realization that the changes that will occur due to legalization have an affect on each of those categories. For example, an argument for legalization of marijuana is that it can be taxed. This argument alone affects government and society, and can even reach to the economy. I am going to need to figure out how I am going to organize my white paper if I can’t categorize by business, government, and society.
The United States of America holds nearly a quarter of the world’s prisoners, despite its relatively small population of under 300 million people. With over 2.3 million criminals behind bars, criminologists and legal scholars around the world are shocked by the duration of sentencing and the range of crimes that are punishable by jail time in the United States. These analysts point to “higher levels of violent crime, harsher sentencing laws, a legacy of racial turmoil, a special fervor in combating illegal drugs, the American temperament, and the lack of a social safety net” as reasons for the high percentage of the population imprisoned. The number of prisoners held in America grows every year, and the country has become the most frequent jailer by a large margin. Continue reading
For my third proposal I relied on the old school source of books once again. I found many other books surrounding the one I used for last weeks post on the issue of Mexican Cartels. These books touch on a lot of issues from the violence to the business of these groups. This week I was focusing on the business part of the cartels in Mexico. I used the book “El Narco” which covers the investigation from journalist Ioan Grillo. He spent a decade in Mexico covering these dangerous groups with testimonies from people inside the cartels and analysis from others. This source is different from others in that it is written more like a story from this journalist’s findings. It still presents some very interesting facts and information worth looking at for my paper. Continue reading
Kofi Annan, one of the most vocal critics of the original United Nations Human Rights Commission.
One aspect of the United Nation’s attempts to deal with international violations of human rights that I want to deal with is the transition from the UN Human Rights Commission to the UN Human Rights Council. The Commission was established in 1946, with the intended focus of promoting human rights and helping states elaborate treaties. However, criticism of the organization was so severe that in 2007, it was replaced by the newly formed Human Rights Council. That criticism was rooted in the fact that certain members of the Commission were some of the worst human rights violators. Those states would often “band together to block investigations into their own records – or those of their allies” (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty). Continue reading
For my third proposal, I came across an article in the international journal of social economics regarding the practice of labor exploitation overseas. In my previous proposals, I have talked about the many reasons why companies choose to outsource labor and the positive and negative aspects that they have on a business and the economy. A point I haven’t really considered yet, is how moral it actually is to hire a worker overseas who has the same qualifications as an American citizen, while paying them half as much. Continue reading
Using children in war efforts has a larger impact on society than either of the other subjects. It creates a sense of fear among children not abducted or recruited; it creates a sense of entitlement and loss of childhood for those who are used in the efforts; and it changes how parents, friends and families view their children. In an article I found by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, I learned that “more than 33,000 child soldiers have been demobilized in DRC since 2004.” And this is only in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
The efforts to reintegrate child soldiers back into their old lives presents a difficult task – they are basically brainwashed, tortured, and desensitized while in the army. Girls are raped and when they return, are often viewed as prostitutes. Neither boys nor girls understand the idea of sharing or losing and have to be reintroduced to the simple lessons of childhood. Afterall, their childhood is stripped away from them when they join the army – whether it be by choice or by force.
Around the world, individuals and corporations are becoming increasingly aware of the issue of child soldiers and are financially supporting the cause. The Kony 2012 video was introduced by just one of the many organizations that are fighting to bring awareness to communities around the world and bring aid to the children in need.
For my third white paper proposal, I am looking into government sources. For my governmental sources, I am looking into the United Nations, the European Union, and human rights policies in China. Looking over these governmental sites, it is clear that these countries are all operating with different focuses on human trafficking issues. Continue reading
The individual insurance mandate is applicable to virtually every American business, so I must evaluate the American insurance market as a whole as opposed to just one specific business/company. The source that I will be utilizing in order to do this is the U.S. Chamber of Commerce website. Although this source tends to lean to the right, it does offer valuable insights and opinions regarding the positives and negatives of the mandate as well as suggestions for the future. Continue reading
For my White Paper Proposal Three I looked at two different books I found through the library source. I found these to be very interesting because they not only looked at the discrimination at play based on attractiveness but also why such discrimination should and does exist. Continue reading